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Slovak Republic

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LPS SR, š. p.


ENR 1.2  VISUAL FLIGHT RULES

1.2.1  Conditions and procedures of VFR flight operations

1.2.1.1 Except when operating as a special VFR flight, VFR flights shall be conducted so that the aircraft is flown in conditions specified in the table below.

Note: Conducting of special VFR flights see para. ENR 1.2.2.

Altitude

Airspace class

Flight visibility

Distance from clouds

At and above 10 000 ft (3 050 m) AMSL.

C, D, G

8 km

1 500 m horizontally

1 000 ft (300 m) vertically

Below 10 000 ft (3 050 m) AMSL and above 3 000 ft (900 m) AMSL or above 1 000 ft (300 m) above terrain, whichever is the higher.

C, D, G

5 km

1 500 m horizontally

1 000 ft (300 m) vertically

At and below 3 000 ft (900 m) AMSL or 1 000 ft (300 m) above terrain, whichever is the higher.

C, D

5 km

1 500 m horizontally

1 000 ft (300 m) vertically

G

5 km1)

Clear of cloud and with the surface in sight.

1) In accordance with provisions of SERA.5001 (***) Transport Authority has prescribed for helicopters of AIR-TRANSPORT EUROPE, spol. s r.o. and Air Department of the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic the minimum flight visibility of 800 m if maneuvered at a speed that will give adequate opportunity to observe other traffic or any other obstacles in time to avoid collision.

1.2.1.2 Except when operating as a special VFR flight, VFR flights within CTR shall not take-off or land at an aerodrome, or enter the aerodrome traffic circuit when the reported meteorological conditions at the aerodrome are below the following minima:
  1. the ceiling is less than 1 500 ft (450 m) or

  2. the ground visibility is less than 5 km.

1.2.1.3 VFR flights shall not be operated:
  1. above FL 195,

  2. at transonic and supersonic speeds.

1.2.1.4 Cruising levels

Except for flights of sailplanes and hot air balloons and except where otherwise indicated in ATC clearances, VFR flights in controlled airspace shall be conducted at level appropriate to the track as specified in the table of cruising levels, see para. ENR 1.7.4.

1.2.1.5 Minimum heights

Except for take-off or landing, a VFR flight shall not be conducted:

  1. over the congested areas of cities, towns or settlements or over an open-air assembly of persons or over the areas with sensitive fauna at a height less than 1 000 ft (300 m) above the highest obstacle within the radius of 600 m from the aircraft,

  2. elsewhere than as specified in a), at a height less than 500 ft (150 m) above the ground or water or 500 ft (150 m) above the highest obstacle within the radius of 500 ft (150 m) from the aircraft.

1.2.1.6 Pilots of VFR flights shall comply with the provisions of Section 8 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012, when:
  1. operated within Classes C and D airspace,

  2. forming part of aerodrome traffic at controlled aerodromes or

  3. operated as special VFR flights.

Note: Subsection ENR 1.1, ENR 1.2 and ENR 1.10 set down basic provisions of Section 8 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012.

1.2.1.7 All VFR flights to/from uncontrolled airspace entering to/from CTR of an aerodrome have to be carried out only via established entry/exit points unless competent ATS unit authorizes otherwise.
1.2.1.8 Weather deterioration below the VMC

When it becomes evident that flight in VMC in accordance with its current flight plan will not be practicable, a pilot of a VFR flight operated as a controlled flight shall:

  1. request an amended clearance enabling the aircraft to continue in VMC to destination or to an alternative aerodrome or to leave the airspace within which an ATC clearance is required or

  2. if no clearance in accordance with a) can be obtained, continue to operate in VMC and notify the appropriate ATC unit of the action being taken either to leave the airspace concerned or to land at the nearest suitable aerodrome or

  3. if operated within a control zone, request authorization to operate as a special VFR flight or

  4. request clearance to operate in accordance with the instrument flight rules.

1.2.1.9 Change from VFR flight to IFR flight

Except for flight for which flight plan with designated flight rules change in item 8 FPL has been submitted, pilot-in-command who wishes to change flight rules from VFR to IFR shall:

  1. if a flight plan has been submitted, indicate the necessary changes to the current flight plan to be effected or

  2. file a flight plan to the appropriate ATS unit and obtain a clearance before change to IFR flight within controlled airspace.

1.2.2  Conducting of special VFR flights (SVFR)

1.2.2.1 SVFR flights may be authorized to operate within CTR, subject to an ATC clearance. The following additional conditions shall be applied:
  1. during day only,

  2. by the pilot:

    1. clear of cloud and with the surface in sight,

    2. the flight visibility is not less than 1 500 m or for helicopters not less than 800 m,

    3. at a speed of 140 kts IAS or less to give adequate opportunity to observe other traffic and any obstacles in time to avoid a collision.

  3. an ATC unit will not issue a SVFR clearance to take-off or land at an aerodrome within control zone, including entering the aerodrome traffic circuit when the reported meteorological conditions at the aerodrome are below the following minima:

    1. the ground visibility is less than 1 500 m or for helicopters less than 800 m,

    2. the ceiling is less than 600 ft (180 m).

Note: An ATC unit has the authority not to issue SVFR clearance, due to operational reasons.

1.2.2.1.1 In accordance with provisions of Section 4 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012 and SERA.5010 a), these conditions are prescribed by Transport Authority to be used by helicopters of AIR-TRANSPORT EUROPE, spol. s r.o. and Air Department of the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic:

SVFR flights may be authorized to operate within CTR, subject to an ATC clearance:

  1. during day or night,

  2. by such conditions that:

    1. the ground visibility is not less than 800 m during day or not less than 2 500 m during night,

    2. the ceiling is not less than 300 ft (90 m) during day or not less than 1 000 ft (300 m) during night.

1.2.2.2 When conditions for VFR flight are not met and a pilot is not asking for clearance to perform SVFR flight the ATC unit notifies pilot and asks the pilot to advise intentions.

The recommended phrase:

"(the call sign), CEILING ......... FEET, GROUND VISIBILITY ......... METRES, UNABLE TO APPROVE AS VFR FLIGHT, ADVISE YOUR INTENTIONS".

1.2.2.3 If the pilot has not asked to conduct SVFR flight or SVFR flight is unauthorized, then conditions outlined in para. ENR 1.2.1.8 Weather deterioration below the VMC shall be followed.
1.2.2.3.1 If the pilot is for any reason unable to proceed according to para. ENR 1.2.1.8, then in case of departure an ATC unit will not issue departure clearance and in case of arrival an ATC unit will not issue CTR entry clearance.
1.2.2.4 An ATC unit flight clearance for SVFR flight does not release the pilot-in-command from obligation to keep the minimum heights according to para. ENR 1.2.1.5.
1.2.2.5 SVFR flights shall not be surveillance system vectored unless special circumstances dictate otherwise (e.g. emergencies).
1.2.2.6 Pilot-in-command is obliged to:
  1. adhere to meteorological conditions which shall not be below the conditions which are prescribed for SVFR flights,

  2. inform immediately an ATC unit when meteorological conditions deteriorate below prescribed values for SVFR flight.

1.2.2.7 Meteorological conditions deterioration below prescribed values for SVFR flights
1.2.2.7.1 In case when meteorological conditions deteriorate below prescribed values for SVFR flight, an ATC unit will not issue departure clearance in case of departure and an ATC unit will not issue CTR entry clearance in case of arrival.
1.2.2.7.2 When flight is conducted within CTR and meteorological conditions deteriorate below prescribed values for SVFR flight, an ATC unit is obliged to develop maximum effort to help such a flight and to treat such a flight as being in emergency.
1.2.2.8 Action for SVFR in the event of air-ground communication failure
1.2.2.8.1 When a clearance for conducting of SVFR flight has been issued by an ATC unit for pilot entering CTR and subsequently the two-way communication failure happens the pilot is obliged:
  1. not to enter CTR or to leave CTR,

  2. to set transponder to code 7600,

  3. to inform an ATC unit about position and intentions by transmitting blind,

  4. to land at the nearest suitable aerodrome and report it by the most expeditious means to the appropriate ATS unit.

Note: If the procedure in para. ENR 1.2.2.8.1 d) is not applied the relevant state of emergency will be initiated.

1.2.2.8.2 When a clearance to enter the aerodrome traffic circuit of SVFR flight has been issued by an ATC unit and subsequently the two-way communication failure happens the pilot is obliged to proceed in accordance with the issued flight clearance for approach to land and:
  1. set transponder to code 7600,

  2. to inform an ATC unit about position and intentions by transmitting blind.

Note: If possible during the approach the TWR gives an instruction to the pilot by light signals. SVFR flight pilot is compulsory to watch the TWR during the approach and proceed in accordance with the light signals dispatched from the TWR.

1.2.2.8.3 When the two-way communication failure happens after departure of SVFR flight, the pilot is obliged to proceed in accordance with issued flight clearance and:
  1. set transponder to code 7600,

  2. inform an ATC unit about position and intentions by transmitting blind,

  3. land at the nearest suitable aerodrome and report it by the most expeditious means to the appropriate ATS unit.

Note: If the procedure in para. ENR 1.2.2.8.3 c) is not applied the relevant state of emergency will be initiated.

1.2.2.8.4 The pilot of SVFR flight with air-ground communication failure shall be aware of the fact that other unknown air traffic can be conducted in CTR and therefore a sudden and unjustified flight direction/altitude changes should be avoided.
1.2.2.8.5 The pilot of SVFR flight with air-ground communication failure is obliged to watch carefully the other traffic in the vicinity of the SVFR flight and to avoid this traffic whenever necessary.
1.2.2.8.6 In case of the two-way communication failure the ATC unit assumes that the pilot complies with the last received and acknowledged clearance or proceeds in accordance with procedures mentioned in para. ENR 1.2.2.8.1 - ENR 1.2.2.8.3, the ATC unit provides the separation based on this assumption.

1.2.3  Conducting of VFR flights at night

Note 1: Night means the hours between the end of evening civil twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight (see subsection GEN 2.7).

Note 2: Aeroplane shall fulfil requirements of the national regulation L 6/II, provision 6.7 and 7.1.1, helicopter shall fulfil requirements of the national regulation L 6/III, provision 4.2 and 5.1.1.

Note 3: For flights in uncontrolled airspace see para. ENR 1.1.8.

Note 4: For VFR night flights only aerodromes approved by the Transport Authority can be used, see subsection AD 2.2.

1.2.3.1 VFR flights at night may be permitted under the following conditions:
  1. if leaving the vicinity of an aerodrome, a flight plan shall be submitted in accordance with subsection ENR 1.10,

  2. flights shall establish and maintain two-way radio communication on the appropriate ATS communication channel;

  3. the VMC visibility and distance from cloud minima as specified in para. ENR 1.2.1.1 shall apply except that:

    1. the ceiling shall not be less than 1 500 ft (450 m),

    2. at and below 3 000 ft (900 m) AMSL or 1 000 ft (300 m) above terrain whichever is the higher, the pilot shall maintain continuous sight of the surface,

  4. except when necessary for take-off or landing, a VFR flight at night shall be flown:

    1. over high terrain or in mountainous areas, at a level which is at least 2 000 ft (600 m) above the highest obstacle located within 8 km of the estimated position of the aircraft,

    2. elsewhere than as specified in 1, at a level which is at least 1 000 ft (300 m) above the highest obstacle located within 8 km of the estimated position of the aircraft.

Note: In accordance with Chapter 4 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012 and SERA.5005 c), 5 i) and ii), Transport Authority prescribed conditions to be used by helicopters of AIR-TRANSPORT EUROPE, spol. sr.o. and Air Department of the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic:

  1. over high terrain or in mountainous areas, at a height which is at least 1 000 ft (300 m) above the highest obstacle located within 4 km of the estimated position of the aircraft and

  2. elsewhere than as specified in a), at a height which is at least 650 ft (200 m) above the highest obstacle located within 4 km of the estimated position of the aircraft.